What the Nutrients do For You.
Today one truth challenge is the deficit of micronutrients (vitamins, minerals, and essential amino acids) that keep the body secure, well grow and keep the vital functions, that is the reason nutrition is good for you.
The parameter related about nutritious diet establish, the graphic representation of the main meals with the daily intake, taking through the pyramid called Nutritional pyramid other models called the nutritional train. Through this, you can learn how do you choose the best nutrients.
Classification of nutrients.
There are two types of nutrients: the simples o micronutrients and the complex or micronutrients.
Macronutrients: carbohydrates, proteins and grease and lipids.
Micronutrients: minerals, salt (NaCl, KCL and NHCl)
Lip soluble vitamins: D2, D3, E and K.
Hydrosoluble vitamins: B1, B2, B3, B4, B5 , B12, C. Biotina and Folic acid.
Macro elements: Ca, Mg, Na I and Fe.
Microelements: Cu, Zn and Fluor.
What is the healthy food
The base of the pyramid, the major size of this represented with the cereals or grain, principally integral grains, that constantly the base of the diet. In the middle of the pyramid is found vegetal and fruit, that help to keep energy more natural and without side effects. To have the security to obtain more of the middle of our calories of complex carbohydrates is precise the consumption of these portions suggested in this group. The groups diminish the size that is close to the vertex of the pyramid, the amount of meals is represented in this group is less than you need to keep your health. The vertex of the pyramid represents the little group of a meal, like grease, oils, and sugar which you need to consume less.
Even the size of the meals is not the same, which means that are the same equivalent proportions. For example, half a cup of cup of cook rice has the same energetic content in Kcal that less of 6 oz of celery. That means the volume are different in comparison with the caloric value.
The most healthy drink is 100% water
The human body is composed of about the 55-70% of water, depend on the complexion. The metabolic activity, for example, the oxidation of the grease or carbohydrate, generate such amount of water; without else, the metabolic water is sufficient for the compensation of loss through the urine, sweat, hez, transpiration or breath, to keep the hydrate balance from the body is necessary the consumption of water. The water it is absorbed around the liquid drink or from the meals, between the fruits, fresh vegetables with high percentages unto 85% similar to many drinks
The benefit of balanced diet.
The relationship between the energy consumption and the waste of energy is the energetic balance. When intake some meals you are getting energy, when you waste the same amount of energy that consumes in the day, we talking about one equilibrium balance, when the less waste amount of energy from the consumer in the day we are talking about positive balance, contrary if waste more energy from the consumer, it refers to a negative balance.
Exist such situations where is necessary to have a positive balance, for example in the pregnancy, latency, childhood, adolescent or when for some disease, or lesion there a loss in the weight. The contrary is to wish a negative balance when weight gain can get a healthy level
The existence of multiple diseases is familiar with the deficiency of good nutrition
, the amount is in excess or deficit or bad quality: anemia and atherosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, obesity, arterial hypertension, a deficit of vitamins, malnutrition, bulimia, anorexia and some types of cancer. Such diseases that affect the small intestine can provoke the right absorption of the nutrients, like the celiac disease without treatment and Crohn disease.
Some examples of junk food that are common in many houses are: hamburger, wiener, fried potatoes, fried tortilla some frozen product for microwave preparation, gaseous drinks and others. This type of food is very popular for the easy in the preparation (industrialized food) need refrigeration and the expiration is large their price is cheap and wide commercial distribution. This food has high levels of salt with the consume produce an excess of dopamine and Orexin that elevated the sensation or pleasure and reward.
One person eats a pizza and soda with the amount of 4000 Kcal and she is sittings in the telephone talking all day and the waste is 2000 calories with that positive energy balance gain weight.
One person consumes about a bowl of cereal with a total of 1000 and with the skidding ice mountains the waste 3000 calories with the energy balance are negative and lose the weight.
A person consumes 3000 kcal food and plays football and the waste is 3000 calories the result is the equilibrium balance with keeping the weight.
Between the extremes of the optimal health and the death for hungry or malnutrition, exist one series of pathologic states can be caused o improve for changes in the diet. Lacks, excess or unbalance in the diet can produce one negative impact over the health, can produce diseases like obesity, hypercholesterolemia, osteoporosis like to have Physiologic and behavioral problems. Nutrition science tries to understand how and why such specific aspect in the diet have an impact in the health.