Advertisements

Influenza Prevention of Outbreak

Adenovirus Mesuares


Measures to Prevent Adenovirus Contagious

Influenza Prevention of outbreak or Pandemic.

Influenza virus type A belongs to the family of the Orthomyxoviridae a virus with low pathogenic. The cold is produced for this virus germ.

When are highly pathogenic is when calling flu. The type of H1N1 it is mutated in diverse strains that include the Spain flu, the porcine flu, the Avar flu, and the bovine flu.

The porcine influenza virus is H1N1 and another H1n2, h3N1, H3N2.

The porcine can be infected with the Avian influenza virus,  influenza seasonal human and the porcine influenza virus.

Is a supposition of the virus H3N2 was introduced to the porcine from the humans. All viral infection are highly infected and contagious rapidly.

From 2008 more than 900 cases are produced in Europe and America for the pandemic strain H1H1.

Lastly, it happening a lot the outbreak around the world making the Pandemic development.

Influenza Stages in the Body
Influenza Stages in the Body

Contagious Period.  

How long does it take to get the flu. The symptoms of the flu being in an abrupt way; between 18 or 72 hr. (present incubation short period, when to have the predisposition to get to be infected.

The first symptoms usually sneeze with a cold sensation, fever highs like 39 C. intensive tiredness, muscle ache, and pain.

The general discomfort provoke a reduction in the activity for 2-3 days with muscle ache are generalized (high intensity in the back and legs) and persistent joint pain with high intensity in both knees.

There is a differentiation between the cold within the first stage, usually, the cold which in the first stage, usually the cold symptoms the patient remember the exact time in the show and are more intensive.

Symptoms of Influenza.

In the mayor of cases, the infection with the serotypes H1n1 is manifest with similarity in the cold symptomatology.

Increase in the nasal secretion, cough, sore throat, high fever (more 38 C) loss of appetite, muscle ache, joint ache, vomit, diarrhea and loss of conscience.

In the extreme, this condition can turn to death in (.45%)

Vulnerable in groups of risk.

There exist subgroup of persons in the infection for the subtype H1N1 is aggressive manifested (for the suppression of the immune system) can progress to pneumonia which the mortality increase in these persons.

The person in the extreme of life like kids between 6 months and 4 years and adults with 65 years old. Persons with a chronic affectation of the pulmonary system and cardiovascular.

Persons with metabolic diseases like kidney insufficiency.  Persons with immunodeficiency or loss immunosuppression treatment.

Pregnant woman with 2-3 trimester of gestation. Kids born in preterm have high risk and low weightless that 5 pounds.

Influenza Symptoms
Influenza Symptoms

How do you get infected with the flu. 

The infection go through your respiratory system when one sick person with fever is sneezing and coughing and spread the flu with the droplets of fluent in the environment, and you breathe that little particle inside of your body (microscopic)   The same time when the sick person spread the virus with their hands with fever, sneezing and coughing is highly contagious step to spread the virus. The flu is a virus disease a highly contagious condition.

Preventive steps.  

Avoid direct contact with a sick person with fever and cough. Use the disposable tissue to cover your mouth when you sneeze or a cough. Or use your arm to cover your mouth when you are sneezing or coughing.  Wash your hand with soap and hot water around 10-20 seconds.  After washing your hands use the alcohol gel or disinfect liquid. Don’t touch your mouth, nose or eyes.  If you are sick in a public place, use the mask to avoid a spread of the virus through the droplets flue.

All the treatments are basically symptomatic, to get medication for every symptom and something some antiviral in severe cases.  But basically, the best immunization is followed hygiene procedures that avoid the spreading of the virus. Highly recommended the increase in the consumption of vitamin C, drink enough water (teas, soup fruits) in risk groups.

Share the post because it’s important to keep the security from your house, workplace, school and avoid any unnecessary illness and death.
Adicional Flu Symptoms & Complications

Advertisements

How Smoking is not Good Sport.

Definition of Smoking.
Tobacco is an addictive substance principally by the active compound nicotine, which acts on the central nervous system. The smoker suffers from physical dependency and generates the psychological abstinence syndrome called smoking. The Nicotine generates addiction, with anti-depressive effects and anxiety relief. The nicotine is not used in the drugstore to relieve depression because about the half of the twentieth century found effective anti-depressive that does not create addiction.

Epidemiology
The OMS show up in the world more than 1500 million smokers that represented about three of the population older than 15 years old. There are 47% men and 11% women in this age range who consume about 14 cigarettes per day about the total of 5812 billion cigarettes per year. 74% of the cigarettes are consumed in low-middle consumer countries (have in consideration in the worldwide population the high population live in the low -middle income). Between men and women, the segment of age who are smokers are high in proportion between 30-49 years.
The highest population of smokers are in the regions of China, India, and Russia. The European Union exist progressive reductions in the consumer, in the high prevalence in man and women except in Sweden where the consumption is high in women. It is estimated in Mexico that daily death is between 123 and 165 persons for tobacco consumption and other substances. Addiction has become a big health problem in the world today.

 

The causes of smoking.
Exist such predisposition to create dependency, physical, psychological and social creatures in the consumers. Most of them smoke for relief from anxiety substitute with the Nicotine effect. Smoking creates physical dependency on nicotine, according to Allen Carr, creator of the method to stop smoking. He affirmed that anxiety is produced for the lack of nicotine is real.
However, anxiety can multiply in the mind of the smoker and social factor, stress situation or own fears it’s developed a psychological compound to the physical addiction. In the magazine, Medline has registered 356 scientific public articles described the relationship between smoking and schizophrenia and other pituitary disorders. It is considered a disease, that requires medical treatment with psychological and social education. Such dependencies are difficult to correct them.

Smoking effects in the body and health.
To smoke one cigar can produce in the body high cardiac rate, respiratory frequency, and arterial tension. The smoke produces the irritative reaction in the respiratory tract. It is considered a disease, that the reduction of mucus and the difficulty to delivery cause cough. The continue inflammation produces chronic bronchitis. Also, produce a reduction in the Pulmonary capacity, produce the smoker high tiredness and diminution of the resistance in the relation with the strength (exercise). Smoking can cause a variety of disease, like lung cancer, bronchitis, and pulmonary emphysema. It is known from long ago to be a healthy public, such kind of affection for the health associated with the tobacco consumptions. Due to the damage associated with the smoking consume in the half million of death in the American continent.
The smoke is constituted for one gaseous phase and other solid phases. The gaseous phase represents 95% of the weight and has 500 components. The solid phase represents the 5% of the weight is formed for 3500 components between them are three: the nicotine, responsible of the addiction, the carbon monoxide, responsible of the cardiovascular diseases and the acquired responsible of the cancer-associated. It has identified 4000 substances from the smoke cigars, from which less than 60 are probably human carcinogens.

Affectation of the organs.
The tobacco affect directly the Respiratory System start with respiratory diseases like cough, chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema, Cancer of the mouth or Pulmonary cancer in advanced stages.

Smoke with Pregnancy.
The smoking around the pregnancy develops risk from the smoker and the baby, with high risk with ectopic pregnancies, cardiac alterations, with the risk to develop a baby with low weight, respiratory insufficient, a risk for sudden death, stroke or Leukemia in a neonate.
Effect of smoking in the second person.
The person that is affected directly without smoke, they inhale the smoke it comes from a cigar. A passive e exposition to the smoke causes severe cardiovascular and respiratory transistors, principally ischemic Cardiopathy, pulmonary cancer. In the pregnant woman provoke low weight from the newborn and between the lacteal phase cause sudden death. There is much research that shows the nocive effect of smoke in pregnant women.

Also the nicotine and carbon monoxide pass to the body of the fetus. Show in the carboxyhemoglobin twice high in the fetus blood that the mother. If the mom smoking the last 6 months of the pregnancy, the high risk from death is double for the newborn. The treatment is centralized in the control of the compulsive behavior, to stop smoking or alternative methods like the use of the electronic cigar, recent studies show this item doesn’t cause heart damage. This alternative method avoids the abstinence syndrome.

 

You can share this post specially for the youngers, the prevention is the solution for most of the addictions.

Diversity of Addictions

History of the addictions.
The use of psychoactive substance has become part of humanity from antique of civilization. The old primates ancestors of man have been like overripe fruits, contain one such amount of fermented sugars and ethyl alcohol. The ingestion of such fruits implicates adaptive advantage, which was rich in sugars in comparison with the less mature fruits. This can be the motive for the selection in the development of alcoholic beverages. 

The addiction to substances is chronic pathologic, recurrent, progressive and in the end cause death. Characterized by the search and compulsive consumption of drugs, even be with wearable consequences. It is considered one disease of the brain because the psychoactive substances and the compulsive behavior modified the structure and functionality of such areas of the brain. It implied one dependency of the substance, activity or relationship to transform that cause in the regards circuit motivation and memory in the nucleus Accumbes.

Intervention of the nucleus accumbens.

The accumbens nucleus is a region in the basal forebrain rostral to the preoptic area of the hypothalamus. It’s has a significant role in the cognitive processing of aversion, motivation reward. In this area of reward and reinforcement. The abuse of drugs induces neuroplasticity in the natural reward pathway, especially the Nucleus Accumbens.

In the illustration are represented the dopaminergic pathways are routes of neurons of the brain that transmit dopamine which is produced from the soma of these neurons. The cellular bodies of the dopaminergic nerves in the substantia nigra are usually pigmented due to the pigment melanin.  Psychoactive substances stimulate de mesolimbic pathway of dopamine which is the reward system of the brain.

Definition of Addiction.
It’s a chronic disease of the brain characterized by the pathologic look at the compensation and relief of the use of a substance or other conduct. That means the disability to control of behavior, a difficulty for the permanent abstinence with the not content desire of consuming and lack to accept the problem.

The result is descended in the quality of life from the person (problems in the job, in academic and relationship, with the family and the couple). The Neuroscience actually consider addiction to substances and the behavior show up the same neurobiological rots, Also, the consumption of psychoactive substances; exist in the process like addiction to sex, gambling, pornography, television, to sports and the addictions to new technology and internet.

Abstinence syndrome
It is determined for the desire that consumes the thoughts and behavior of the person and acts in such activities designed to get the desire to wish effect and compromise the desire activities (addictive behavior). The dependencies bring consequences that affect the personal, health and social life, with limitation for the good function. It is pathologic the person that thought that can not live without the addiction (sex, drugs, alcohol, smoke, etc.)

You can don’t go if you first answer my question.  Do you think doing exercise regularly is something pathologic?    Give me your answer in the comments.